• 2019.11.14moviezone
  • 作者:刘依凡杨楠 编辑: 广播台发布日期:2019-11-14浏览次数:


今天给大家带来的电影是《湮灭》

电影剔除了小说中人物复杂的心理活动和支线故事,结合后两部《当权者》和《接纳》,把小说《湮灭》没交代的谜题,在电影中具象表达出来,再加上视觉艺术上的呈现,可谓是美轮美奂,又不失文艺腔调。

《湮灭》改编自《遗落的南境》三部曲中的第一部《湮灭》,作者杰夫.范德米尔凭借该小说,成功拿下2014年星云奖,打败了同年入围该奖项的《三体》。

《湮灭》的小说属于克苏鲁神话小说体系,一句话概括,就是这类型故事的角色,大都会通过探索或研究未知,从而进入死亡和疯癫。

而且克苏鲁神话的风格,大部分是以悬疑,惊悚,恐怖的氛围为主,吊足观众胃口,让主角和观众同步解谜。

在电影中,有着克苏鲁神话风格的科幻片,比较出名的就有《索拉里斯》(2002),《月球》(2009),《普罗米修斯》(2012)等。

As a whole, the film will have three hidden time lines, namely: the time when the heroine is in the shimmer, the time in her mind's dream or memory and the time when she is interrogated.It can also be simply understood as "present, past and future".Therefore, when watching the whole movie, you need to recall the content of each part at any time and try to find the connection between them.Like "now" this point is the film's main point in time, take you understand the whole operation process, the "past" this point to help you to understand that men background story, and then the "future" this point is to help you to organize "now" the small details in this point in time, at the same time show the final result you think of the film.

Many people have said that Annihilation was similar to Arrival which was on last year. Strictly speaking, the rhythm was similar to the visual effects.But in terms of story metaphor and imagination, Arrival and Annihilation are two very different directions.Arrival explores the diversity of ways of thinking.Annihilation delves into the diversity of life refraction.Annihilation the beginning of the story, tells the story of an unknown object falling toward the coast of the United States of a lighthouse, created a bubble world, the human sent several waves before, have no return, the bubble is growing day by day, is a serious threat to mankind.After the five women formed an expedition team, into the bubble world, to decrypt the mystery inside.What's fascinating about the film is not the intensity of the fight, but the audience's imagination in exploring with the main characters, and the resolution of the core mystery.

电影中有一些关键信息值得关注。

比如衔尾蛇纹身

细心的看官可能已经发现了,女主生物学博士莉娜,在进入泡泡界之前,手臂是没有纹身的,但是进入之后再出来,就有了纹身。

很多人以为这是判断是否是莉娜本人的标志,但其实不是。

莉娜进入泡泡界之后,在划船时,手臂已经开始有淤青,说明纹身已经在滋长。

此外,其实不光是莉娜有这个纹身,在泳池中变异死掉的士兵,手臂也有相同的纹身。

同队伍中的安娜,在中途手臂也有了纹身。

那么问题来了,这个衔尾蛇纹身代表着什么?!

衔尾蛇是古代希腊的一个符号,大致形象就是一条衔尾蛇在吞食自己的尾巴,代表着数学中“∞”,无穷大,循环的意思。

衔尾蛇是宗教和神话常见的符号,特别是在炼金术中出现,所以和前面提到的克苏鲁神话很有联系。

柏拉图解释过,衔尾蛇是一头宇宙原始级别的生物,头部吞食着自己的尾部,是拥有完美生物结构的不死之身。

在《湮灭》中出现衔尾蛇纹身,正是宇宙循环观念的体现,代表着另一种形态的“重生”,建构与破坏的往复,生命与死亡的轮回,同时也意味着一种永恒的循环。

影片借用衔尾蛇纹身,印证着一个物理学的概念。

是的,在物理学中衔尾蛇图形也有它的一席之地,它反映着一种宇宙含义,象征了量子物理学(微观)和宇宙(宏观)之间的关系。

在量子物理学中,物质可以分解成为分子,原子,甚至量子,人类如今通过研究量子物理学,从而来知晓宇宙的奥秘。

在《湮灭》里,虽然对衔尾蛇纹身没有过多解释,但是物理学家乔希通过人形的植物,解释了泡泡世界的物理原理。

那就是在泡泡世界里,所有的有机生物的DNA,都被薄薄的一层焕彩泡泡,折射出来从而造成了物种之间的克隆,变异,以及解构重生。

就像刚开始看到的五颜六色的花和植物,正是植物之间DNA折射错乱导致。

袭击她们的鳄鱼,有着鲨鱼的牙齿,也是DNA折射的结果。

河里面的双胞胎鱼,会说话的骷髅熊,还有双胞胎白鹿,都是DNA折射导致

所以被折射也包括了人类,每个人因为身体的差异,让每个人在泡泡世界的变异都不一样,像那位士兵最后变成了一幅美丽的壁画,而物理学家变成了名副其实的植物人。

这些物理现象,就很好的印证了手臂上衔尾蛇纹身的含义,所有有机生命体都在被破坏,但又都在重生。

在泡泡世界里,谁说人死了就是真的死了,死只是表象,说不定你的本源体,已经和植物,动物,甚至时空,融在了一起。

关键词:癌细胞

The movie mentions the division law of cancer cells many times. At the beginning of the movie, Lina describes the division of a single cell, which is technically HeLa cell.

HeLa cells originated in the 1950s from a woman named hela who had cervical cancer.

Lena and her husband in the movie in the living room, read a book, is about hela cells, the title is called "hela forever."

Hela cells are characterized by immortality, infinite division down, and rapid reproduction, modern medical cancer research is very helpful, specific scientific explanation, especially long, big cong will not be launched.

The film borrows the division of hela cell to explain the principle of reproduction of bubble world.

As mentioned above, organic organisms in the bubble world, can be barrier-free hybridization, continuous fission, so as to achieve the "alien" themselves do not know what the purpose of life evolution.

To look at the bubble world of annihilation from another Angle, it is actually the microscopic cell world. Once animals and plants, including human beings, belong to normal cells, but one day an invader suddenly came, namely hela cell, resulting in the mutation of the whole cell world (bubble world).

Alien life forms, like hela cells, are immortal and mutate and multiply rapidly, causing a lot of strange things to happen.

Finally, the "hela cell", which represents alien life, successfully fused with the top-end cell "human" to achieve perfect replication and mutation, just like the two couples at the end of the movie, which is the result of mutation.

A transition to annihilation began immediately.

关键词:人性的湮灭

Some of the translating foreign film titles do not really touch me, but this time the name "Annihilation" is special literature and art, very consistent with the film expression image style.

"Annihilation" film surface events are alien species attack, resulting in the entire earth mutation, deconstruction, rebirth.

From a physical point of view, alien invasions are annihilating to species.

In terms of human nature, it is also annihilating. If we look back at the five female characters in the film, we can find the truth.

Lena, the surface marriage stability, but actually Lena and another professor cheating, and the husband actually already know.On the surface, their marriage was peaceful, but in fact, it was annihilated.

Dr. Ventress, the team leader, had no friends, no family, and had cancer herself, so her life was also annihilating.

Physicist josh, we can see that she has a lot of scratches on her arm, which suggests that she has a tendency to self-abuse, and she's also, deep down, very hurt.

Medical worker Anna, a former addict, also had a traumatic life.

The loss of her daughter, the geomorphologist cass, is also a major event in her life.

So these five women, in their own life experience, more or less there is annihilation and damage, which is just a side expression of the incomplete life, and the alien invasion, ironically solved this problem.

At the end of the film, Lena and her husband embrace, like a pair of rebirth lovers, the double-loop structure is tightly locked.

In addition, the film chose to fall alien life in the lighthouse, is also an ulterior motive, a lot of literary works, all use the lighthouse to metaphor life direction, metaphor spiritual direction, metaphor revolution direction and so on.

In the film, alien life falls on the lighthouse, which explains the direction of human evolution and changes from then on.

流星滑落天空,击中灯塔,以灯塔为中心的大片区域异化,成为神秘的X区域。

外星物种降临地球,高维度与低维度的奇妙相遇,一生二,二生四,四生万。

这不是征服,是一次美丽的意外。


《湮灭》到底讲了什么故事?

莉娜说,死亡是人类基因设计图谱的错误。

心理医生说,自毁是人类基因自带的编码。每个人,都进行着自毁的程式。

探险队的成员,都或多或少带有自毁倾向:物理学家乔西长期自残,医生安雅有酗酒问题,地貌学家凯斯失去爱女,而领头的心理医生文崔斯,已经癌症末期了。

三年来,无人机、动物,以及多批人类曾先后进入X区,都有去无回。她们仍然选择踏入X区,多多少少都是带着自杀的想法。

逾是深入X区,她们越接近真相:灯塔辐射出的神秘“闪光”,能让鳄鱼长出鲨鱼的牙齿,让植物生成人形,甚至复制出梅花鹿。

没有任何生物能躲过“闪光”的融合:越是害怕,就越容易被“闪光”融合。

The soldiers in video, whose intestines squirm rapidly under the "shining" assimilation, are finally found on the swimming pool wall, bursting and fusing with colorful fungi.

Geomorphologist Keith's last-minute desperate cry for help is absorbed by the beast that bit her.The beast's throat lets out her screams, seducing her teammates.

Realizing the superiority of "flash" in life form, physicist Josie gives up the resistance, shows numerous self-mutilated arms and turns into a tree man.

Lena's husband, Kane, was more thoroughly naturalized.He stayed in X area for a whole year, with the body of the "flash" of long-term confrontation, the side of the comrades died one by one, finally decided to commit suicide, his sacrifice to the "flash".

This was not enough. He had to sacrifice his wife to flash.The cross-legged skeleton in the lighthouse is Kane, and the one that left section X is a copy of him.Lena stepped into a carefully designed trap: the whole body cancerous "husband" took her to the southern border war zone, psychologist ventress and induced her to take the initiative, into the X area.

Ventress is actually a clone, and for three years, she tricked fresh life into making sacrifices in area X.At the end of her cancer, ventress returns to zone X, merging with flash in annihilation.

One cell divides into two, then four, and new replicas are born.

Lena threw the phosphorus bomb into the hands of the replicator and escaped the lighthouse.

With her emotions and memories, the replicator stroked her husband's skull and crawled into the cave.The flames climbed up the lighthouse and spread throughout area X.逃出生天的,是莉娜,又不是莉娜。待在X区的短暂几天,已经改变了她的身体。她既是人类,又是融合了“闪光”的新人类。

新人类莉娜和复制体凯恩,成为了新时代的亚当与夏娃。

X区覆灭,却已无处不在。

《湮灭》是一部纯粹的硬核科幻作品,不谄媚,不煽情。

导演加兰摒弃了借助人物间矛盾刻画人性之丑陋的拿手好戏,简简单单地讲了一个探索异变真相的科幻故事。在镜头语言上也极尽克制,全程营造一种屏息的紧张感,直至文崔斯涅槃的瞬间,才爆发视听的炸裂体验。

这不是俗套的外星人入侵地球,也不是讨巧的用爱拯救一切。

“闪光”仅通过各种侧面的描写展现,到最后一刻也没有一个确切的面目。

它没有目的,无关善恶。

它的出现纯属偶然,也无意主动攻击生物或占领地球。它只是偶然地出现在地球上,融合它所接触的一切。它甚至很有可能没有自己的思维或意识:凯恩、文崔斯等融合和复制对象,并非它的载体,而是受它影响发生异变的客体。向外纳新的扩张行为,极有可能是文崔斯们的膜拜行为和自我选择,而非来自无意识的“闪光”的指示。

人类并不清楚这一点。面对未知的事物,他们如临大敌。

有人出于恐惧沦为墙体上炸裂的彩色菌菇油画,抑或怪兽的口下猎物,也有人将生命献祭给高等生命,获取另类的永生。

莉娜则代表了人类的自由意志。全程克制理智的她,既崇尚科学与进化,又拒绝与“闪光”彻底融合。若非被复制体逼到墙角,她也许会抱有审慎的态度研究“闪光”,而非将其毁灭。

但理智如她,也无法阻挡“闪光”的扩散。

X区毁灭,藩篱坍塌,“闪光”四处散播。折射无可阻挡,进化不可逆转。

“我觉得它什么也不想要。它没有摧毁,它改变了一切,它制造了一些新的东西。”

好的科幻作品,需要脱离世俗的情爱关系或道德标准,思辨人类的本源。

《湮灭》把问题抛给了观众:当人类在高级物种影响下,发生折射、异变甚至复制,人类还是人类吗?人类又是否应该拥抱这种“可能是好的”改变?


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